Fiber-shaped supercapacitor (FSC) is a promising energy storage device for wearable/stretchable electronics by virtue of its unique features such as high flexibility, knittability, small-size and lightweight. However, the energy density of most FSC devices is limited by the relatively low operating voltage. Herein, we develop a solid-state asymmetric fiber-shaped supercapacitor made of carbon fiber thread@polyaniline and functionalized carbon fiber thread electrodes with high operating voltage (1.6V). The as-prepared device shows a volumetric energy density up to 2mWhcm-3which is higher than/compatible to most reported FSCs. The maximum power density of the device is 11Wcm-3, which is comparable to typical commercial supercapacitors. Other than good rate capability, long cycle life and high volumetric capacitance, the proposed device has excellent flexibility. It can be embedded in a glove using a traditional weaving technology without degrading its capacitive performance at various bending conditions. To demonstrate the potential of our supercapacitor for stretchable electronics, we incorporate the device into a conventional elastic thread to form a stretchable supercapacitor. The capacitance of the stretchable device is well maintained even after stretching up to 100%, demonstrating its excellent stretchability. These promising results demonstrate the proposed supercapacitor has great potential as an efficient storage device for flexible and wearable electronics applications.
- Asymmetric fiber-shaped supercapacitor
- Functionalized carbon fiber thread
- Wearable/stretchable electronics
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Materials Science(all)
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering