High-performance belite rich eco-cement synthesized from solid wastes: Raw feed design, sintering temperature optimization, and property analysis

Hanxiong Lyu, Lucen Hao, Shipeng Zhang, Chi Sun Poon

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

In this study, a high-performance eco-cement with excellent CO2 sequestration capacity was synthesized using municipal solid waste incineration bottom ash and recycled concrete fine. The influence of clinkering temperature on the clinkers was assessed by mechanical properties, mineralogy, and microstructure. Optimal sintering at 1100 °C for 1 hour yielded eco-cement rich in β-C2S (44.9%), demonstrating remarkable carbonation reactivity (CO2 uptake of 12.5%) and compressive strength (1-day strength of 113.7 MPa). The presence of carbonation products, including cubic-shaped calcite and low Ca/Si C-S-H, resulted in a densified microstructure contributing to exceptional strength. Furthermore, the eco-cement exhibited latent hydraulic behavior and recorded a 28-day strength of 136.9 MPa. Varying clinkering temperatures to 1000 °C and 1200 °C promoted the formation of γ-C2S and rankinite, respectively, which generated silica gel during carbonation curing and weakened the overall performance. Leaching assessments confirmed the eco-cement's reasonable merit as an alternative, high-performance, sustainable binder.

Original languageEnglish
Article number107211
JournalResources, Conservation and Recycling
Volume199
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2023

Keywords

  • Carbonation curing
  • Incineration bottom ash
  • Mechanical performance
  • Recycled concrete fine
  • Sintering temperature

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Waste Management and Disposal
  • Economics and Econometrics

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