High-order harmonic generation in graphite-ablated plasmas was systematically studied using ultrashort (3.5 and 30 fs) laser pulses. We observed the efficient frequency conversion of 3.5 fs Ti:sapphire laser pulses in the range of 15-26eV. Stabilization of the harmonic yield at a 1kHz pulse repetition rate was accomplished using a rotating graphite target. We also show the results of harmonic generation in carbon plasma using 1300nm, 40ps pulses, which allowed the extension of the harmonic cutoff while maintaining a comparable conversion efficiency to the case of 780nm driving radiation. The time-of-flight mass spectrometric analysis of the plasma components and the scanning electron microscopy of plasma debris under optimal conditions for harmonic generation suggest the presence of small carbon clusters (C10-C30) in the plasma plume at the moment of femtosecond pulse propagation, which further aggregate on nearby substrates. We present the results of plasma spectroscopy obtained under unoptimized plasma conditions that elucidate the reduction in harmonic signal. We also present calculations of plasma concentration under different excitation conditions of the ablated graphite target.
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
- Condensed Matter Physics