High-mode effects on seismic performance of multi-story self-centering braced steel frames

Can Xing Qiu, Songye Zhu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

140 Citations (Scopus)


Seismic-resisting, multi-story steel frames with self-centering braces (SCBs) are numerically investigated through pushover and incremental dynamic analyses. The seismic performance of self-centering braced frames (SC-BFs) is systematically compared with that of buckling-restrained braced frames (BRBFs), with emphasis on high-mode effect. The concentration of inter-story drift in the upper part of the buildings is more significant in SC-BFs than in BRBFs as a result of this effect. This high-mode effect strengthens with the increasing intensity of ground motions. Parametric studies indicate that increasing the post-yield stiffness ratio and/or energy dissipation capacity can successfully improve the seismic performance of SC-BFs, particularly in terms of limiting the high-mode effect. SC-BFs with enhanced post-yield stiffness and energy dissipation capacity exhibit relatively uniform inter-story drift ratios and reduced record-to-record variability in seismic performance.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)133-143
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Constructional Steel Research
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Energy dissipation capacity
  • High-mode effect
  • Multi-story steel frame
  • Post-yield stiffness ratio
  • Self-centering brace (SCB)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Metals and Alloys


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