High flux and rejection of hierarchical composite membranes based on carbon nanotube network and ultrathin electrospun nanofibrous layer for dye removal

Z. Xu, X. Li, K. Teng, B. Zhou, M. Ma, M. Shan, K. Jiao, X. Qian, Jintu Fan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

50 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

© 2017 Elsevier B.V. A gradient composite membrane has been put forward in this paper, which is cost-efficient and remarkable to solve the problem of inherent tradeoff between flux and selectivity. The hierarchical composite membrane exhibited an ideal morphology, which was comprised of oxidized multi-wall carbon nanotubes (OMWCNTs) functional layer built via electrospraying, ultrathin electrospun polyacrylonitrile (PAN) midlayer and microfibrous polypropylene (PP) nonwoven support. Experimental results showed that when the additive amount of OMWCNTs was 1 wt%, the composite membranes presented an excellent flux (up to 3891.85 L m?2 h?1 at a low pressure of 0.1 MPa) and a superior indigo rejection ratio (98.73%). Compared with PAN/PP composite membrane, its rejection ratio increased 3.11 times, while the water flux only reduced 17.30%. It was owing that the excellent hydrophilicity of OMWCNTs network and ultrathin electrospun PAN midlayer endowed the composite membrane with a high flux. And the high rejection efficiency of OMWCNTs-PAN/PP composite membranes was achieved on the account of the combination of gradient structures (i.e., OMWCNTs network and ultrathin PAN nanofibrous membrane) and multilevel filtration mechanisms. Therefore, the OMWCNTs-PAN/PP composite membranes have opened up an innovative alternative for the fabrication of high flux and rejection composite membranes in wastewater treatment.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)94-102
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Membrane Science
Volume535
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2017
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Dye removal
  • Electrospraying
  • High flux
  • Multi-wall carbon nanotubes
  • Ultrathin electrospun nanofibrous membrane

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Filtration and Separation

Cite this