High-capacity bi-directional full-duplex transmission based on fiber-eigenmode multiplexing over a FMF with 2×2 MIMO

Jianbo Zhang, Xiong Wu, Qirui Fan, Xingwen Yi, Zhongwei Tan, Jianping Li, Zhaohui Li, Chao Lu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review


We propose and experimentally demonstrate symmetrical (homo-modal) and asymmetrical (hetero-modal) full-duplex bi-directional architectures based on dual-vector eigenmodes multiplexing over a 3 km few mode fiber (FMF). Firstly, 4 vector modes (VMs) of 2 mode groups (MGs), l = 0 (HE11o and HE11e modes) and l = +2 (EH11o and EH11e modes), each carrying a 14 GBaud quadrature phase-shift keying (QPSK) signal, are utilized in the up and down links and a 224 Gb/s same-mode bi-directional transmission is successfully realized. The crosstalk between the VMs in l = 0 and l = +2 of this full-duplex system is less than -13.8 dB. To strengthen the immunity to performance degradation induced by connector reflection and back scattering, we propose an effective approach to mitigate impairments by using hetero-modes on two terminals of the bi-directional system. Then, 2 VMs of l = 0 and 2 VMs of l = +2 are respectively employed in the up and down streams. The channel isolation between the VMs in l = 0 and l = +2 of such full-duplex link is larger than 19 dB, which supports a 448 Gb/s bi-directional transmission with 28 GBaud 16-ary quadrature amplitude modulation (QAM) modulation over a 3 km FMF by using 2 × 2 MIMO. Moreover, mode-wavelength division multiplexing including 2 modes and 4 wavelengths in both up and down streams is implemented in the transmission system. A total capacity of the 1.792 Tb/s link with 28 GBaud 16-QAM signal over each channel is successfully realized over the 3 km FMF. The measured bit-error-ratios (BERs) of all channels are below the 7% hard decision forward error correction (FEC) threshold at 3.8 × 10-3. The experimental results adequately indicate that such a scheme has a great potential in high-speed bi-directional point-to-point (P2P) optical interconnects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)30473-30482
Number of pages10
JournalOptics Express
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 13 Sep 2021

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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