Heat transfer characteristics of a slot jet impinging on a semi-circular convex surface

Tat Leung Chan, Chun Wah Leung, K. Jambunathan, S. Ashforth-Frost, Y. Zhou, M. H. Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

98 Citations (Scopus)


Surface heat transfer characteristics of a heated slot jet impinging on a semi-circular convex surface have been investigated by using the transient heating liquid crystal technique. Free jet velocity, turbulence and temperature characteristics have been determined by using a combination of an X-wire and a cold wire anemometry. The parametric effects of jet Reynolds number (Rew) ranging from 5600 to 13,200 and the dimensionless slot nozzle-to-impingement surface distance (Y/W) ranges from 2 to 10 on the local circumferential heat transfer have been studied. Local circumferential Nusselt number (Nus) decreases with increasing the dimensionless circumferential distance (S/W) from its maximum value at the stagnation point up to S/W = 3.1. The transition in the wall jet from laminar to turbulent flow was completed by about 3.3 ≤ S/W ≤ 4.2 which coincided with a secondary peak in heat transfer. Correlations of local and average Nusselt numbers with Rew, Y/W and S/W have been established for the stagnation point and the circumferential distribution. The rate of decay of average circumferential Nusselt numbers around the semi-circular convex surface is much faster than that which occurs laterally along the flat surface. As Y/W increases, the effect of surface curvature becomes apparent and the difference between the flat surface correlation and the convex surface becomes more pronounced.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)993-1006
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Heat and Mass Transfer
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 8 Jan 2002


  • Jet impingement heat transfer
  • Liquid thermographic technique
  • Surface curvature
  • Transient heating liquid crystal method

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Fluid Flow and Transfer Processes


Dive into the research topics of 'Heat transfer characteristics of a slot jet impinging on a semi-circular convex surface'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this