Health Disparities Across Lung Cancer Continuum Among Asian Americans: A Systematic Review

Ying Zheng, Chine Ching Li, Fang Lei

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

Abstract

The purpose of this systematic review is to synthesize lung cancer associated health disparities across the cancer continuum among Asian Americans. A systematic review design with the narrative method was used for conducting this study. Electronic literature databases, including PubMed, Google Scholar, and CINAHL, were searched. After applying filter information, inclusion and exclusion criteria, a total of 20 articles were included in the review. Findings related to lung cancer prevention, screening, incidence rates, diagnosis, treatment, survival rates, and mortality rates among Asian Americans were synthesized. Results showed the prevalence of smoking quit attempts in the past year was high among Asian Americans, although the prevalence of receiving advice to quit and using counseling and/or medication services was low among this population. Also, the smoking cessation rate among Asian Americans was the second lowest among all racial groups, although the abstinence rate was highest among this population. Compared with other races, Asian Americans are more likely to be diagnosed with lung cancer at a distant stage of disease, and they tend to be less likely to undergo surgery than other races in the United States. The incidence and mortality rates of lung cancer were low among Asian Americans compared with other races in the United States, while the survival rate of lung cancer was high among this population. Further research focusing on lung cancer associated health disparities in specific Asian American ethnic groups should be conducted. Culturally relevant programs that tackle cultural and genetic factors related to lung cancer risk as well as early screening, diagnosis and treatment in this vulnerable population are also necessary.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)526-545
Number of pages20
JournalJournal of Immigrant and Minority Health
Volume24
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Asian Americans
  • Cancer screening
  • Health disparity
  • Lung cancer
  • Systematic review

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

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