Hazard assessment of debris flows for Leung King Estate of Hong Kong by incorporating GIS with numerical simulations

Kam Tim Chau, K. H. Lo

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

29 Citations (Scopus)


As over seventy percent of the land of Hong Kong is mountainous, rainfall-induced debris flows are not uncommon in Hong Kong. The objective of this study is to incorporate numerical simulations of debris flows with GIS to identify potential debris flow hazard areas. To illustrate this approach, the proposed methodology is applied to Leung King Estate in Tuen Mun. A Digital Elevation Model (DEM) of the terrain and the potential debris-flow sources were generated by using GIS to provide the required terrain and flow source data for the numerical simulations. A theoretical model by Takahashi et al. (1992) improved by incorporating a new erosion initiation criterion was used for simulating the runout distances of debris flows. The well-documented 1990 Tsing Shan debris flow, which occurred not too far from Leung King Estate, was used to calibrate most of the flow parameters needed for computer simulations. Based on the simulation results, a potential hazard zone was identified and presented by using GIS. Our proposed hazard map was thus determined by flow dynamics and a deposition mechanism through computer simulations without using any so- called expert opinions, which are bounded to be subjective and biased.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)103-116
Number of pages14
JournalNatural Hazards and Earth System Science
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2004

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Earth and Planetary Sciences(all)

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