Guerrilla wars in everyday public spaces: Reflections and inspirations for designers

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

16 Citations (Scopus)


In recent years, many governments have tended to take a rational and development-oriented approach to planning, designing and managing city spaces. Some sociologists, however, have started to criticize this approach, and have begun to advocate instead the importance of taking into consideration the everyday lives of ordinary people. These sociologists offer us a new perspective for examining how "city users" are tactically living in their cities. This perspective may not be accepted by all, and may have quite a lot of practical limitations; nevertheless, it at least offers today's designers as well as policymakers and other professionals some reflections and inspirations for further exploration and discussion. Through a theoretical review of how theorists and sociologists see city space and its order from different perspectives, and through empirical longitudinal studies done on three Hong Kong market streets, this article attempts to ascertain whether the inhabitants of a city-city users-are "tactical practitioners." The article then explores the role of city users and their interactions with the spaces in which they are living, and offers advice to designers who aim for more people-environment fit designs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)37-56
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Design
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2007


  • Design
  • Everyday life
  • Public space
  • Strategy
  • Tactic
  • User practice

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Computer Graphics and Computer-Aided Design
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Marketing


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