Guanxi influences on women intrapreneurship

Carol X. Zhang, Albert N. Kimbu, Pearl Lin, Michael Z. Ngoasong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Drawing on the literature examining women intrapreneurship, Chinese guanxi and tourism, this article critically explores a theoretical framework for understanding guanxi influences on women intrapreneurship in a non-western and highly patriarchal destination. Through a qualitative analysis of women managers from twenty-four medium and large tourism firms in China, the study provides evidence of Guanxi as socially embedded personal relationships for the exchange of favors, enabling women managers to initiate specific types of women intrapreneurship initiatives in their organizations. The findings reveal how the women managers draw on three forms of guanxi (external, within and back-stage) to display intrapreneurial actions as well as the firm-specific factors that constitute important determinants of women intrapreneurship. The managerial implications for encouraging and supporting women intrapreneurs are critically examined.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104137
JournalTourism Management
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020


  • China
  • Confucianism
  • Gender
  • Guanxi
  • Women intrapreneurship

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management

Cite this