Growth and properties of (1-x)Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-xPbTiO3(x=0.07-0.11) ferroelectric single crystals by a top-seeded solution growth method

Tao Li, Xifa Long, Mao Ye, Hairui Wang, Haitao Huang, Xierong Zeng, Shanming Ke

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


The relaxor-based single crystals of complex perovskite solid solutions, Pb(Mg1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3[PMN-PT] and Pb(Zn1/3Nb2/3)O3-PbTiO3[PZN-PT], exhibit extraordinary piezoelectric performance: displaying extremely high piezoelectric coefficients, very large electromechanical coupling factors, and exceptionally high strain. These materials outperform the currently used Pb(Zr1-xTix)O3[PZT] ceramics, making them the materials of choice for the next generation of electromechanical transducers for a broad range of advanced applications. In this article, the PZN-xPT (x=0.07-0.11) single crystals near the morphotropic phase boundary were prepared using the top-seeded solution growth technique. Ferro-/dielectric and piezoelectric properties, crystal chemistry, domain structure, and electromechanical coupling properties were systematically characterized. It is showed that the top-seeded solution growth method is an effective alternative technique for preparing the high quality PZN-xPT ferroelectric crystals, which is effective in controlling nucleation/growth of the PZN-xPT single crystals and suppressing the undesired Pb deficient pyrochlore phase by providing a Pb rich environment.
Original languageEnglish
JournalCeramics International
Publication statusPublished - 27 Apr 2015


  • C. Dielectric properties
  • C. Ferroelectric properties
  • C. Piezoelectric properties
  • Crystal growth
  • PZN-PT crystals

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Ceramics and Composites
  • Process Chemistry and Technology
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry


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