Ground-level ozone in the Pearl River Delta region: Analysis of data from a recently established regional air quality monitoring network

Junyu Zheng, Liuju Zhong, Tao Wang, Peter K.K. Louie, Zhicheng Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

151 Citations (Scopus)


The ambient air quality monitoring data of 2006 and 2007 from a recently established Pearl River Delta (PRD) regional air quality monitoring network are analyzed to investigate the characteristics of ground-level ozone in the region. Four sites covering urban, suburban, rural and coastal areas are selected as representatives for detailed analysis in this paper. The results show that there are distinct seasonal and diurnal cycles in ground-level ozone across the PRD region. Low ozone concentrations are generally observed in summer, while high O3levels are typically found in autumn. The O3diurnal variations in the urban areas are larger than those at the rural sites. The O3concentrations showed no statistically significant difference between weekend and weekdays in contrast to the findings in many other urban areas in the world. The average ozone concentrations are lower in urban areas compared to the sites outside urban centers. Back trajectories are used to show the major air-mass transport patterns and to examine the changes in ozone from the respective upwind sites to a site in the center of the PRD (Wanqingsha). The results show higher average ozone concentrations at the upwind sites in the continental and coastal air masses, but higher 1 h-max O3concentrations (by 8-16 ppbv) at the center PRD site under each of air-mass category, suggesting that the ozone pollution in the PRD region exhibits both regional and super-regional characteristics.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)814-823
Number of pages10
JournalAtmospheric Environment
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2010


  • Ground-level ozone
  • HYSPLIT model
  • Spatial characteristics
  • Temporal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Atmospheric Science

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