Gross happiness of a 'tourism' village in Fiji

Stephen Albert Pratt, Scott McCabe, Apisalome Movono

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

For small island developing states, tourism is often seen as a passport to development and modernisation, resulting in economic and social growth. In Fiji, this was recognized in the 1960s, which resulted in large-scale tourism development. Yet the links between tourism development and higher quality of life and wellbeing for residents of tourist destinations are at best ambiguous. Tourism can bring both positive and negative social impacts, yet few studies have attempted to assess whether tourism contributes to holistic quality of life: in short, does tourism make residents happy? Validated measures exist to measure broader wellbeing. This study measures the Gross Happiness Index of two Fijian villages, one of which has a high dependency on tourism income and the other has very little contact with the tourism industry or tourists, to compare the levels of wellbeing. The findings indicate that, despite the 'tourism' village being materially wealthier, the non-tourism villagers are happier across a significant number of life domains. The implications for tourism research and destination management are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26-35
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Destination Marketing and Management
Volume5
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016

Keywords

  • Economic impacts
  • Fiji
  • Happiness
  • Quality of life
  • Social impacts

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business and International Management
  • Strategy and Management
  • Marketing

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