Green supply chain management: pressures, practices and performance within the Chinese automobile industry

Qinghua Zhu, Joseph Sarkis, Kee Hung Lai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

764 Citations (Scopus)


Increasing pressures from a variety of directions have caused the Chinese automobile supply chain managers to consider and initiate implementation of green supply chain management (GSCM) practices to improve both their economic and environmental performance. Expanding on some earlier work investigating general GSCM practices in China, this paper explores the GSCM pressures/drivers (motivators), initiatives and performance of the automotive supply chain using an empirical analysis of 89 automotive enterprises within China. The results show that the Chinese automobile supply chain enterprises have experienced high and increasing regulatory and market pressures and at the same time have strong internal drivers for GSCM practice adoption. However, their GSCM implementation, especially with consideration of external relationships, is poor. Therefore, GSCM implementation has only slightly improved environmental and operational performance, and has not resulted in significant economic performance improvement. In furthering this analysis we investigate one specific organization in this supply chain, the Dalian Diesel Engine Plant, and how this pioneering company has addressed the issues identified by the broader empirical analysis.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1041-1052
Number of pages12
JournalJournal of Cleaner Production
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - 14 Mar 2007


  • Automotive supply chain
  • China
  • Environmental sustainability
  • Green supply chain management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Environmental Science(all)
  • Strategy and Management
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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