Green smart manufacturing: energy-efficient robotic job shop scheduling models

Xin Wen, Yige Sun, Hoi Lam Ma, Sai Ho Chung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)


Smart manufacturing has boosted the wide application of mobile robots in robotic cells for automated material delivery. However, the mismatching between machine production process and robot movement process causes extensive energy waste. Nevertheless, most existing robotic job-shop scheduling (RJSP) studies mainly focus on minimising makespan but overlook the low energy efficiency problem faced by robotic cells. Motivated by the importance of green smart manufacturing, in this study, we innovatively propose to achieve robotic cell energy saving through coordinating the machine production process and robot movement process. Specifically, both machines and the mobile robot can flexibly adjust operating speeds with a V-scale speed framework. Two novel energy-efficient RJSP approaches (i.e. the RJSP-E and the RJSP-EM) are thus proposed. The RJSP-E focuses on minimising energy consumption, while the RJSP-EM simultaneously considers makespan (i.e. productivity) and energy consumption. Through computational experiments, the RJSP-E demonstrates superior performances in reducing energy consumption (15% on average), at a loss of productivity (20% on average). On the other hand, the RJSP-EM can select the most suitable energy-saving operating speeds without much sacrifice in productivity. Notably, the RJSP-EM can reduce energy consumption by a mean of 10% even without increasing makespan. The RJSP-EM also demonstrates higher solution efficiency.

Original languageEnglish
JournalInternational Journal of Production Research
Publication statusAccepted/In press - 2022


  • energy saving
  • Green production
  • mixed integer linear programming
  • robotic job-shop scheduling
  • smart manufacturing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering


Dive into the research topics of 'Green smart manufacturing: energy-efficient robotic job shop scheduling models'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this