Green HRM, environmental awareness and green behaviors: The moderating role of servant leadership

Mahlagha Darvishmotevali, Levent Altinay

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

78 Citations (Scopus)


Given the numerous environmental issues facing the hotel industry, there is growing pressure to respond to them by implementing sustainable strategies such as green human resource management (HRM) practices. Thus, there is a need to examine how green HRM enhances environmental performance. Accordingly, this study explores the causal relationship between green HRM, employees’ pro-environmental performance (P-EP), environmental awareness, and servant leadership. The data were collected from employees working in hotels in Almaty, Kazakhstan. Smart PLS was utilized to conduct validity and reliability tests and to design structural equation modeling. The findings show that environmental awareness mediates the impacts of green HRM on proactive P-EP, but does not support task-related P-EP. Also, servant leadership does not moderate the relationship between green HRM and task-related. Drawing on social exchange, social cognitive, and social learning theory, this study provides theoretical contributions, practical implications, and useful recommendations for managers and scholars in the hospitality industry.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104401
JournalTourism Management
Publication statusPublished - Feb 2022


  • Environmental awareness
  • Green HRM
  • Pro-environmental behaviors
  • Servant leadership

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Transportation
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management
  • Strategy and Management


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