Green event directed pro-environmental behavior: an application of goal systems theory

Ip Kin Anthony Wong, Yim King Penny Wan, Guo Qiong Ivanka Huang, Shanshan Qi

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


This research proposes the green event directed pro-environmental behavior model to articulate how green events could induce favorable eco-friendly behaviors beyond the event domain. Drawing on goal systems theory and other theoretical premises, this research showcases how personal involvement with green events and frequency of past behaviors in attending such events could possess boundary conditions that moderate the role of green event attitudes, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control on pro-environmental behaviors through one’s valuation and patronage propensity of event greening. It also highlights a mechanism that inspires attendees to strive to attain their goals in pursuing a lifestyle that appreciates learning ways to better reduce pollution and energy usage, consuming green products, and managing waste; yet there is a weakening stimulus from event greening on the individual’s greening behaviors over time. This research opens an avenue to demonstrate a transformative mechanism, manifested through subsequent knowledge gain and then behavioral change impelled from attending green events, as a collective action that can ultimately benefit the entire world. This learning process renders a synthesis between short-term knowledge acquisition and long-term implications for life.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1948-1969
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Sustainable Tourism
Issue number11-12
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes


  • goal setting
  • goal systems theory
  • Green event
  • involvement
  • pro-environment behavior
  • transformative learning

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


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