Green Data-Collection from Geo-Distributed IoT Networks through Low-Earth-Orbit Satellites

Huawei Huang, Song Guo, Weifa Liang, Kun Wang, Albert Y. Zomaya

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

23 Citations (Scopus)


As a critical supplementary to terrestrial communication networks, low-Earth-orbit (LEO) satellite-based communication networks have been gaining growing attention in recent years. In this paper, we focus on data collection from geo-distributed Internet-of-Things (IoT) networks via LEO satellites. Normally, the power supply in IoT data-gathering gateways is a bottleneck resource that constrains the overall amount of data upload. Thus, the challenge is how to collect the data from IoT gateways through LEO satellites under time-varying uplinks in an energy-efficient way. To address this problem, we first formulate a novel optimization problem, and then propose an online algorithm based on Lyapunov optimization theory to aid green data-upload for geo-distributed IoT networks. The proposed approach is to jointly maximize the overall amount of data uploaded and minimize the energy consumption, while maintaining the queue stability even without the knowledge of arrival data at IoT gateways. We finally evaluate the performance of the proposed algorithm through simulations using both real-world and synthetic data traces. Simulation results demonstrate that the proposed approach can achieve high efficiency on energy consumption and significantly reduce queue backlogs compared with an offline formulation and a greedy 'Big-Backlog-First' algorithm.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8681409
Pages (from-to)806-816
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Green Communications and Networking
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sep 2019


  • Green data-collection
  • Internet-of-Things (IoT)
  • LEO satellite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment

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