Green building occupant satisfaction: Evidence from the Australian higher education sector

Maryam Khoshbakht, Zhonghua Gou, Xiaohuan Xie, Baojie He, Amos Darko

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

26 Citations (Scopus)


Universities spend billions of dollars on green buildings as a sustainability commitment. This research investigates occupant satisfaction with indoor environmental quality (IEQ), building design (BD), and facilities management (FM) in five highly ranked green higher educational buildings in the subtropical climate of Australia, in comparison to nine non-green counterparts. The results disclose that the green building users were more consistently satisfied than the non-green building users with BD & FM elements, such as design, needs from facilities, building image, cleaning, the availability of meeting rooms, and storage. On the other hand, the study revealed weaknesses of green buildings in IEQ, such as noise, ventilation, and artificial lighting. The individual environmental control positively correlated with satisfaction in non-green buildings, but did not significantly affect satisfaction in green buildings. This study also identified the influences of non-environmental factors on occupant satisfaction, such as gender, age, sitting close to a window, hours spent in the building and in the workstation, and the number of people sharing office space. The research provides evidence and guidance for investing in, designing, and managing green educational facilities.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2890
JournalSustainability (Switzerland)
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 15 Aug 2018


  • Building design
  • Facilities management
  • Green building
  • Higher education
  • Indoor environment quality
  • Occupant satisfaction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geography, Planning and Development
  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Management, Monitoring, Policy and Law


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