Green and Sustainable Stabilization/Solidification

Lei Wang, Liang Chen, Daniel C.W. Tsang

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review


Contaminated waste such as heavy metal and radioactive waste pose a severe threat to the environment and human health. Cement-based stabilization/solidification (S/S) methods are time- and cost-effective. However, high carbon footprint and low compatibility are major limitations of the conventional S/S method. It is important to develop a green and sustainable remediation strategy that utilizes agricultural/industrial by-products and low-carbon cement for S/S of contaminated waste. This approach can attenuate the environmental impacts as well as recycle wastes into valuable resources. This chapter introduces the applications of S/S mechanisms for specific heavy metal and radioactive waste by using low-carbon cement-based materials. It also recommends suitable cementitious materials for the S/S of specified contaminants in a sustainable manner.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationSoil and Groundwater Remediation Technologies
Subtitle of host publicationA Practical Guide
EditorsYong Sik Ok, Jörg Rinklebe, Deyi Hou, Daniel C.W. Tsang, Filip M.G. Tack
Place of PublicationFlorida, USA
PublisherCRC Press
ISBN (Print)9780367337407
Publication statusPublished - 9 Apr 2020


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