Graphene-induced formation of visible-light-responsive SnO2-Zn2SnO4Z-scheme photocatalyst with surface vacancy for the enhanced photoreactivity towards NO and acetone oxidation

Yuhan Li, Xiaofang Wu, Wingkei Ho, Kangle Lv, Qin Li, Mei Li, Shuncheng Lee

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

56 Citations (Scopus)


As a ternary complex oxide with good physic-chemical stability, Zn2SnO4is a promising candidate in the photocatalytic application. However, the photocatalytic activity of Zn2SnO4needs further to improve due to its wide bandgap (about 3.4 eV) and intrinsic high recombination rate of photo-generated charge carriers. In this paper, the positive influence of graphene on the structure and visible photocatalytic activity of Zn2SnO4in oxidation of NO and acetone was systematically investigated based on the fact that graphene has the property of high electronic conductivity for transporting and storing electrons. It was found that the presence of graphene not only induces the formation of SnO2, but also introduces Sn vacancy, which can trigger the visible light photocatalytic activity. The photocatalyst loading with 3.0 wt% of graphene shows the highest photocatalytic reactivity towards oxidation of NO and acetone under visible light illumination. Graphene can efficiently transfer the photo-produced electrons from the conduction band of Zn2SnO4, retarding the recombination of carriers and therefore enhancing the visible photo-reactivity. A visible-light-responsive photocatalytic reaction model based on the three-component-photocatalyst SnO2-Zn2SnO4/graphene was put forward.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)200-210
Number of pages11
JournalChemical Engineering Journal
Publication statusPublished - 15 Mar 2018


  • Acetone
  • Graphene
  • NO
  • Photocatalytic oxidation
  • Zn SnO 2 4

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Environmental Chemistry
  • Chemical Engineering(all)
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering

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