Graphene and MXene-based porous structures for multifunctional electromagnetic interference shielding

Xi Shen, Jang Kyo Kim

Research output: Journal article publicationReview articleAcademic researchpeer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Electrically conductive porous structures are ideal candidates for lightweight and absorption-dominant electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding. In this review, we summarize the recent progress in developing porous composites and structures from emerging two-dimensional (2D) graphene and MXene nanosheets for EMI shielding applications. Important properties contributing to various energy loss mechanisms are probed with a critical discussion on their correlations with EMI shielding performance. Technological approaches to constructing bulk porous structures, such as 2D porous films, three-dimensional (3D) aerogels and foams, and hydrogels, are compared to highlight important material and processing parameters required to achieve optimal microstructures. A comprehensive comparison of EMI shielding performance is also carried out to elucidate the effects of different assembly techniques and microstructures. Distinctive multifunctional applications in adaptive EMI shielding, mechanical force attenuation, thermal management, and wearable devices are introduced, underlining the importance of unique compositions and microstructures of porous composites. The process-structure-property relationships established in this review would offer valuable guidance and insights into the design of lightweight EMI shielding materials. [Figure not available: see fulltext.]

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1387-1413
Number of pages27
JournalNano Research
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023


  • electrical conductivity
  • electromagnetic interference (EMI) shielding
  • graphene
  • MXene
  • porous composite

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • General Materials Science
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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