Gradient wettability induced by deterministically patterned nanostructures

Siyi Min, Shijie Li, Zhouyang Zhu, Wei Li, Xin Tang, Chuwei Liang, Liqiu Wang, Xing Cheng, Wen Di Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

13 Citations (Scopus)


We report a large-scale surface with continuously varying wettability induced by ordered gradient nanostructures. The gradient pattern is generated from nonuniform interference lithography by utilizing the Gaussian-shaped intensity distribution of two coherent laser beams. We also develop a facile fabrication method to directly transfer a photoresist pattern into an ultraviolet (UV)-cured high-strength replication molding material, which eliminates the need for high-cost reactive ion etching and e-beam evaporation during the mold fabrication process. This facile mold is then used for the reproducible production of surfaces with gradient wettability using thermal-nanoimprint lithography (NIL). In addition, the wetting behavior of water droplets on the surface with the gradient nanostructures and therefore gradient wettability is investigated. A hybrid wetting model is proposed and theoretically captures the contact angle measurement results, shedding light on the wetting behavior of a liquid on structures patterned at the nanoscale.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106
JournalMicrosystems and Nanoengineering
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Materials Science (miscellaneous)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Industrial and Manufacturing Engineering
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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