GPR mapping with mobile mapping sensing and tracking technologies

Cassio K. Hui, Xianghuan Luo, Wallace Wai Lok Lai (Corresponding Author), Kwong Wai Chang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Ground Penetrating Radar (GPR) is commonly used for detecting and locating underground utilities, as well as identifying water leakages and other buried objects without the need for excavation. To precisely depict the subsurface by GPR, an accurate geo-referencing technique on each GPR scan is also essential. Traditional geo-referencing of GPR scans requires a survey wheel to walk along a predetermined grid, or relies on the Global Navigational Satellite Systems (GNSS) to work under open sky environments where enough satellites are available (Böniger and Tronicke, 2010; Chang, 2016). In this study, we attempt to use a mobile mapping system (MMS) backpack guided by SLAM as the geo-referencing device for synchronizing GPR scans in areas with bad or no GNSS, and is free of control points. The study develops a method to synchronise the SLAM positioning and GPR measurements and then validate the proposed method's precision and accuracy with a site case. It was proved that the integrationed time and labour required in the traditional gridding are minimized for improving the GPR survey efficiency, facilitating the large-scale survey in dense urban areas where good GNSS coverage is unavailable.

Original languageEnglish
Article number104362
Number of pages9
JournalTunnelling and Underground Space Technology incorporating Trenchless Technology Research
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2022


  • GPR
  • MMS
  • SLAM

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Building and Construction
  • Geotechnical Engineering and Engineering Geology


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