GNSS NLOS Exclusion Based on Dynamic Object Detection Using LiDAR Point Cloud

Weisong Wen, Guohao Zhang, Li Ta Hsu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

35 Citations (Scopus)


Absolute positioning is an essential factor for the arrival of autonomous driving. At present, GNSS is the indispensable source that can supply initial positioning in the commonly used high definition map-based LiDAR point cloud positioning solution for autonomous driving. However, the non-light-of-sight (NLOS) reception dominates GNSS positioning performance in super-urbanized areas. The recent proposed 3D map aided (3DMA) GNSS can mitigate the majority of the NLOS caused by buildings. However, the same phenomenon caused by moving objects in urban areas is currently not modeled in the 3D geographic information system (GIS). Therefore, we present a novel method to exclude the NLOS receptions caused by a double-decker bus, one of the symbolic tall moving objects in road transportations. To estimate the dimension and orientation of the double-decker buses relative to the GNSS receiver, LiDAR-based perception is utilized. By projecting the relative positions into GNSS Skyplot, the direct transmission path of satellite signals blocked by the moving objects can be identified and excluded from positioning. Finally, GNSS positioning is estimated by the weighted least square (WLS) method based on the remaining satellites after the NLOS exclusion. Both static and dynamic experiments are conducted in Hong Kong. The results show that the proposed NLOS exclusion using LiDAR-based perception can greatly improve the GNSS single point positioning (SPP) performance.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-10
JournalIEEE Transactions on Intelligent Transportation Systems
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2019


  • 3D point clouds
  • GNSS
  • GPS
  • LiDAR
  • NLOS
  • object detection
  • positioning.

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Automotive Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Computer Science Applications


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