Glycyrrhizic Acid-Lipid Framework Nanovehicle Loading Triptolide for Combined Immunochemotherapy

Ziyi Xu, Yu Huang, Yihan Wu, Jiamei Chen, Sai Wang Seto, George Pak Heng Leung, Yin Cai, Jingjing Li (Corresponding Author), Jinming Zhang (Corresponding Author)

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

4 Citations (Scopus)


Despite the acknowledged advantages of combined immunochemotherapy for tumor treatment, the high efficiency of co-delivery of these combined agents into the targeted tumor tissue is still challenging. Herein, based on a “three-birds-with-one-stone” strategy, a facile glycyrrhizic acid (GL)-lipid hybrid nanoplatform loading triptolide (TP/GLLNP) is designed to better address the dilemma. Differing from the traditional liposomes with dual-drug co-delivery NPs, GL with a cholesterol-like structure is primarily employed to construct the lipid membrane skeleton of the GL-based lipid nanoparticle (GLLNP), and then triptolide (TP) is readily loaded in the lipid bilayer of GLLNP. The fabricated GLLNP possessed similar drug loading efficacy, particle size, and storage stability; none of the hemolysis; even higher membrane fluidity; and lower absorbed opsonin proteins compared with the conventional liposomes. Compared to TP-loaded traditional liposomes (TP/Lipo), TP/GLLNP exhibits significantly enhanced cellular uptake, cytotoxicity, and apoptosis of HepG2 cells. In addition, GLLNP could ameliorate tumor immunosuppression by promoting tumor-associated macrophage polarization from M2 to M1 phenotype. Furthermore, enhanced retention and accumulation in the tumor area of GLLNP could be found. As expected, TP/GLLNP displayed synergistic anti-hepatocellular carcinoma efficacy in vivo. In conclusion, this study provides an inspirational strategy to combine the anti-HCC benefits of GL and TP using a novel dual-drug co-delivery nanosystem.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)41337-41350
Number of pages14
JournalACS Applied Materials and Interfaces
Issue number35
Publication statusPublished - 6 Sept 2023


  • glycyrrhizic acid
  • hepatocellular carcinoma
  • immunochemotherapy
  • macrophage polarization
  • triptolide

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Materials Science


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