Global and superlinear convergence of the smoothing newton method and its application to general box constrained variational inequalities

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222 Citations (Scopus)


The smoothing Newton method for solving a system of nonsmooth equations F(x) = 0, which may arise from the nonlinear complementarity problem, the variational inequality problem or other problems, can be regarded as a variant of the smoothing method. At the kth step, the nonsmooth function F is approximated by a smooth function f(·, εk), and the derivative of f(·, εk) at xk is used as the Newton iterative matrix. The merits of smoothing methods and smoothing Newton methods are global convergence and convenience in handling. In this paper, we show that the smoothing Newton method is also superlinearly convergent if F is semismooth at the solution and f satisfies a Jacobian consistency property. We show that most common smooth functions, such as the Gabriel-Moré function, have this property. As an application, we show that for box constrained variational inequalities if the involved function is P-uniform, the iteration sequence generated by the smoothing Newton method will converge to the unique solution of the problem globally and superlinearly (quadratically).
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)519-540
Number of pages22
JournalMathematics of Computation
Issue number222
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 1998
Externally publishedYes


  • Convergence
  • Rionsmooth equations
  • Smoothing approximation
  • Smoothing Newton method
  • Variational inequalities

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Algebra and Number Theory
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Computational Mathematics

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