Giant magnetoelectric effect in magnet-cymbal-solenoid current-to-voltage conversion device

Min Zeng, Siu Wing Or, Helen Lai Wa Chan

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

14 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

A giant magnetoelectric (ME) effect is reported in a current-to-voltage (I -to- V) conversion device formed by sandwiching a PZT piezoelectric cymbal transducer between an NdFeB magnet and a Fe-core solenoid. The observed ME effect results from the direct coupling of the electromagnetically induced attractive-repellent force effect in the magnet-solenoid assembly with the amplified piezoelectric effect in the cymbal transducer. The device exhibits a colossal I -to- V conversion factor (S) of 27.1 V/A with a giant ME coefficient (αV) of 1.24 V/Oe at a low resonance frequency of 2.33 kHz, besides a large S of 0.74 V/A with a high αVof 34 mV/Oe in the nonresonance frequency range of 40 Hz-1 kHz. A physical model based on the combination of electromagnetomechanics in the magnet-solenoid assembly and amplified piezoelectricity in the cymbal transducer is present to explain the observed ME effect and the resulting I -to- V conversion in the device.
Original languageEnglish
Article number074509
JournalJournal of Applied Physics
Volume107
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Apr 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

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