Geolocation for partially polarized electromagnetic sources using multiple sparsely & uniformly spaced 'spatially stretched vector sensors'

Kainam Thomas Wong

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


A new angle-of-arrival estimation technique is herein developed using an array of 'spatially stretched electromagnetic vector sensors' (each of which comprises of a dipole triad plus a spatially displaced loop triad) for completely polarized, partially polarized and/or unpolarized incident signals. A dipole (loop) triad is composed of three identical, spatially co-located but orthogonally oriented electrically short dipoles (magnetically small loops) distinctly measuring all three electric-field (magnetic-field) components of the (possibly) partially polarized incident wave-field. The vector cross-product direction finding approach is herein generalized to allow: (1) any arbitrary displacement between the dipole triad and the loop triad comprising the six-component electromagnetic vector sensor, thereby reducing the adverse effects of inter-antenna mutual coupling, (2) any unknown temporal phase delay between the dipole triad and the loop triad (a common situation in electromagnetics) (3) the incident electromagnetic signals to be arbitrarily partially polarized or unpolarized. Simulations demonstrate the efficacy of this new technique.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationProceedings - IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems
ISBN (Print)0780354710
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1999
Externally publishedYes
EventProceedings of the 1999 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS '99 - Orlando, FL, United States
Duration: 30 May 19992 Jun 1999


ConferenceProceedings of the 1999 IEEE International Symposium on Circuits and Systems, ISCAS '99
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CityOrlando, FL

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering
  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials

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