Genistein modulates the effects of parathyroid hormone in human osteoblastic SaOS-2 cells

Wen Fang Chen, Man Sau Wong

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31 Citations (Scopus)


Genistein and parathyroid hormone (PTH) are anabolic agents that stimulate bone formation through their direct actions in osteoblastic cells. In the present study, we aimed to determine whether genistein modulates the actions of PTH in human osteoblastic SaOS-2 cells in an oestrogen-depleted condition. The present results showed that genistein (10-8to 10-6M) induced alkaline phosphatase (ALP activity and osteoprotegrin (OPG) expression in SaOS-2 cells in a dose-dependent manner. These effects could be completely abolished by co-treatment with oestrogen antagonist ICI 182780 (7α-[9-[(4,4,5,5,5-pentafluoropentyl sulfonyl]nonyl]-estra-1,3,5(10)- triene-3,17β-diol). Genistein (at 1 μM) could stimulate the mRNA expression of receptor activator of NF-κB ligand (RANKL). As OPG and RANKL are known to modulate osteoclastogenesis, the ability of genistein to modulate OPG and RANKL expression in SaOS-2 cells suggested that it might modulate osteoclastogenesis through its direct actions on osteoblastic cells. PTH (at 10 nM) stimulated ALP activity, induced RANKL mRNA expression and suppressed OPG mRNA expression in SaOS-2 cells, confirming its bi-directional effects on osteoblastic cells. Pre-treatment of SaOS-2 cells with genistein and oestrogen not only enhanced PTH-induced ALP activity, but also attenuated PTH up regulation of RANKL mRNA expression and PTH down regulation of OPG mRNA expression. Taken together, the present study provides the first evidence that genistein could modulate the actions of PTH in human osteoblastic SaOS-2 cells in an oestrogen-depleted condition.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1039-1047
Number of pages9
JournalBritish Journal of Nutrition
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jun 2006


  • Alkaline phosphatase
  • Genistein
  • Osteoprotegrin
  • Parathyroid hormone
  • Receptor activator of nuclear factor-κB ligand

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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