Generativity does not necessarily satisfy all your needs: Associations among cultural demand for generativity, generative concern, generative action, and need satisfaction in the elderly in four cultures

Jan Hofer, Holger Busch, May Lan Alma Mary Gerardina Au, Iva Poláčková Šolcová, Peter Tavel, Teresa Tsien Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

15 Citations (Scopus)


The present study examines the association between various facets of generativity, that is, cultural demand for generativity, generative concern, and generative action, with the satisfaction of the needs for relatedness, competence, and autonomy in samples of elderly from Cameroon, China (Hong Kong), the Czech Republic, and Germany. Participants provided information on Self-Transcendence values (internalized cultural demand), generative concern and action, and need satisfaction. Results suggest, first, that internalized cultural demand affects generative action indirectly through generative concern, second, that generative concern has a positive direct effect on need satisfaction, but that, third, there is also an indirect effect of generative concern on need satisfaction through generative action, which, fourth, is positive for the needs for relatedness and competence but negative for the need for autonomy. These findings were Culture-Invariant in our study, suggesting generalizability to other cultures. They are discussed with respect to the role of values in generativity and a possible Trade-Offof generative action for the satisfaction of needs at least in the elderly.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)509-519
Number of pages11
JournalDevelopmental Psychology
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2016


  • Basic need satisfaction
  • Culture
  • Generative behavior
  • Generative concern
  • Internalized cultural demands

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Demography
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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