Generalization capability of neural network models for temperature- frequency correlation using monitoring data

Yiqing Ni, H. F. Zhou, J. M. Ko

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


The parametric approach to eliminating the temperature-caused modal variability in vibration-based structural damage detection requires a correlation model between the modal properties and environmental temperatures. This paper examines the generalization capability of neural network models, established using long-term monitoring data, for correlation between the modal frequencies and environmental temperatures. A total of 770 h modal frequency and temperature data obtained from an instrumented bridge are available for this study, which are further divided into three sets: training data, validation data, and testing data. A two-layer back-propagation neural network (BPNN) is first trained using the training data by the conventional training algorithm, in which the number of hidden nodes is optimally determined using the validation data. Then two new BPNNs are configured with the same data by applying the early stopping technique and the Bayesian regularization technique, respectively. The reproduction and prediction capabilities of the two new BPNNs are examined in respect of the training data and the unseen testing data, and compared with the performance of the baseline BPNN model. This study indicates that both the early stopping and Bayesian regularization techniques can significantly ameliorate the generalization capability of BPNN-based correlation models, and the BPNN model formulated using the early stopping technique outperforms that using the Bayesian regularization technique in both reproduction and prediction capabilities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1290-1300
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Structural Engineering
Issue number10
Publication statusPublished - 28 Sept 2009


  • Bridges, cable-stayed
  • Correlation
  • Monitoring
  • Natural frequency
  • Neural networks
  • Temperature effects

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering


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