这篇文章根据我们在贵州苗族地区所收集的口述故事书写而成。从1999到2004年,我们采用口述见证方法(oral testimony)作为我们社区发展的一种策略,尝试从苗族妇女的生命故事中, 理解她们面对的困难与需要, 从而让我们更能够与她们一起推动社区发展的项目和计划。 我们推动口述故事项目背后,还有女性主义的关怀,希望这些偏远山区的边缘妇女能够通过口述故事发声,让我们能够聆听她们被隐没的需要,理解在家庭和社区中各种形塑她们生命历程的社会力量。在这研究中,我们特别发现中年妇女生命中面对的苦难大多与家庭相关,她们不断述说家庭的负担、家庭冲突、家庭暴力、丈夫酗酒等的问题。阅读她们的生命故事,我们得出的结论是,家庭暴力是她们主要面对的苦难之一,而这苦难是当地妇女的集体经验,是性别性和制度性的。在这文章中,我们特别希望指出,当地家庭暴力产生的根源并非是单一性的,而是父权制度、农村贫困、传统文化习惯等交织在一起,形塑了她们生命的遭遇和苦难。||This paper is based on our oral testimonial projects in Guizhou province in Southwest China. Since 1999 to2004,we have employed oral testimony as one of the community development strategies and methods to study the life histories of Miao ethnic minority women in China’s rural impoverished regions. By employing this method,we aim at empowering the marginalised Miao women,and help them explore their hidden voices and learn about their life experiences,their views on theirrelationship with their husbands,families,communities,and other social forces that shape their livelihoods. In local women’s narratives,especially those of middle-aged women,they were eager to talk about their lives as well as their suffering from family burdens,family discord,domestic violence,alcoholism,and other issues which were beyond our agenda. We finally found that suffering is the collective experience of middle-aged women,and domestic violence is a major source of women’s suffering.This paper seeks to examine how the patriarchal system,rural poverty,and traditional cultural practices intertwine in shaping women’s lives and contribute to women’s suffering in everyday life.
|Original language||Chinese (Simplified)|
|Number of pages||19|
|Journal||杭州商学院学报 (Journal of Zhejiang Gongshang University)|
|Publication status||Published - 2014|
- Gendered suffering
- Oral testimony
- Domestic violence