Gender Symmetry in the Self-Reporting of Intimate Partner Violence

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40 Citations (Scopus)


Research has not conclusively determined whether men and women are equally likely to commit intimate partner violence (IPV). One explanation for the disparity in previous findings may be gender-based differences in reporting styles. The present study investigated whether there was any gender difference in self-reported IPV prevalence. A total of 3,740 Chinese couples from a representative population in Hong Kong were interviewed. Self-reports of men-to-women and women-to-men IPV between spouses were compared. Gender was controlled for to evaluate whether age, education, the Chinese concept of face, and other violence-related characteristics would affect the self-reporting of IPV. Findings supported gender symmetry in self-reported IPV prevalence as well as a moderate interspousal agreement in the self-reports. After adjustment for covariates, face was a significant factor predicting the interspousal differences in both men-to-women and women-to-men physical IPV.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)263-286
Number of pages24
JournalJournal of Interpersonal Violence
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2012
Externally publishedYes


  • Chinese
  • gender symmetry
  • intimate partner violence
  • reporting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Psychology
  • Applied Psychology


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