Gender differences in self-reports of intimate partner violence: A review

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135 Citations (Scopus)


Past studies on intimate partner violence (IPV) have revealed mixed findings about its prevalence across gender. Some support gender symmetry in IPV, such that men and women are equally likely to perpetrate IPV; others show evidence of gender asymmetry, such that men are far more likely to be perpetrators in a violent intimate relationship. This paper reviews the literature on gender symmetry in IPV. Explanations have been suggested for the discrepancy in past findings, including gender differences in reporting styles. Most studies have pointed to a possibility of under-reporting in both men's and women's self-reports of IPV, although the patterns of under-reporting vary. Factors affecting the reporting patterns across gender, the limitations of existing studies and suggestions for future research on gender differences in IPV reporting are also discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)167-175
Number of pages9
JournalAggression and Violent Behavior
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2011
Externally publishedYes


  • Gender symmetry
  • Intimate partner violence
  • Reporting
  • Under-reporting

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pathology and Forensic Medicine
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology


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