Gender differences in eye movements during online reading

Zehui Zhan, Jun Wu, Hu Mei, Patrick S.W. Fong, Muxiong Huang, Fangfang Shao

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)


This paper provides evidence of individual difference on digital reading, by examining male/female and good/poor readers’ eye tracking records (including pupil, blinks, fixations, saccades, and regressions). From 6,520 undergraduate students’ university entrance exam scores and the follow-up reading assessments, we strategically selected 74 participants (half males and half females, top 3% good readers and bottom 3% poor readers) from different disciplines. Results indicated that the major differences between male and female readers were saccade duration, regression rate, and blink rate. Good and poor readers differ significantly in most of the eye tracking indicators, and the major effects of reading ability were more obvious than the gender effects. Among all the eight indicators examined in this study, blink and regression rates are most sensitive to gender attribute, while fixation rate and saccade amplitude presented least sensitiveness. These findings would be helpful for user modeling with eye-tracking data in intelligent tutoring systems.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationTechnology in Education
Subtitle of host publicationPedagogical Innovations - 4th International Conference, ICTE 2019, Revised Selected Papers
EditorsSimon K.S. Cheung, Kam Cheong Li, Lap-Kei Lee, Jianli Jiao, Xuebo Zhang, Zehui Zhan
PublisherSpringer Verlag
Number of pages9
ISBN (Print)9789811398940
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2019
Event4th International Conference on Technology in Education, ICTE 2019 - Guangzhou, China
Duration: 15 Mar 201917 Mar 2019

Publication series

NameCommunications in Computer and Information Science
ISSN (Print)1865-0929
ISSN (Electronic)1865-0937


Conference4th International Conference on Technology in Education, ICTE 2019


  • Digital reading
  • Eye movement
  • Eye tracking
  • Gender difference
  • Individual difference
  • Reading ability

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Computer Science(all)
  • Mathematics(all)


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