Gaussian Models for CSI Fingerprinting in Practical Indoor Environment Identification

Josyl Mariela Rocamora, Ivan Wang Hei Ho, Man Wai Mak

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review


It is not uncommon to experience highly dynamic channels in indoor environments due to time-varying signals as well as moving reflectors and scatterers. This greatly affects the performance of wireless sensing systems that use received signal strength indicator (RSSI) and channel state information (CSI) fingerprints for indoor positioning and event detection. Solutions to this dynamic channel problem often involve laborintensive database maintenance and customized hardware. With this, we present Gaussian models that can withstand temporal and environmental dynamics in practical indoor environments using off-the-shelf devices in this paper. Although systems employing Gaussian models have been previously proposed in the literature, most systems use RSSI instead of CSI to represent the wireless channel. By using a Gaussian distribution to model CSI fingerprints, which offer more abundant information regarding the channel dynamics than RSSI, we can exploit the variance inherent in the wireless channels. Our experiments demonstrate that the Gaussian classifier incurs minimal delay of less than 4 seconds and achieves high classification accuracy compared to other techniques. In particular, it achieves up to 50% and 150% performance improvement over the time-reversal resonating strength (TRRS) and the support vector machines (SVM) methods, respectively.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publication2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2020 - Proceedings
Place of PublicationTaipei, Taiwan
PublisherInstitute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers Inc.
ISBN (Electronic)9781728182988
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2020
Event2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2020 - Virtual, Taipei, Taiwan
Duration: 7 Dec 202011 Dec 2020

Publication series

Name2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2020 - Proceedings


Conference2020 IEEE Global Communications Conference, GLOBECOM 2020
CityVirtual, Taipei


  • Channel State Information (CSI)
  • Clustering
  • Gaussian Classifiers
  • Wireless Sensing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Media Technology
  • Modelling and Simulation
  • Instrumentation
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Computer Networks and Communications
  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Software
  • Safety, Risk, Reliability and Quality


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