Gaussian kernel based fuzzy rough sets: Model, uncertainty measures and applications

Qinghua Hu, Lei Zhang, Degang Chen, Witold Pedrycz, Daren Yu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

172 Citations (Scopus)


Kernel methods and rough sets are two general pursuits in the domain of machine learning and intelligent systems. Kernel methods map data into a higher dimensional feature space, where the resulting structure of the classification task is linearly separable; while rough sets granulate the universe with the use of relations and employ the induced knowledge granules to approximate arbitrary concepts existing in the problem at hand. Although it seems there is no connection between these two methodologies, both kernel methods and rough sets explicitly or implicitly dwell on relation matrices to represent the structure of sample information. Based on this observation, we combine these methodologies by incorporating Gaussian kernel with fuzzy rough sets and propose a Gaussian kernel approximation based fuzzy rough set model. Fuzzy T-equivalence relations constitute the fundamentals of most fuzzy rough set models. It is proven that fuzzy relations with Gaussian kernel are reflexive, symmetric and transitive. Gaussian kernels are introduced to acquire fuzzy relations between samples described by fuzzy or numeric attributes in order to carry out fuzzy rough data analysis. Moreover, we discuss information entropy to evaluate the kernel matrix and calculate the uncertainty of the approximation. Several functions are constructed for evaluating the significance of features based on kernel approximation and fuzzy entropy. Algorithms for feature ranking and reduction based on the proposed functions are designed. Results of experimental analysis are included to quantify the effectiveness of the proposed methods.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)453-471
Number of pages19
JournalInternational Journal of Approximate Reasoning
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2010


  • Feature selection
  • Fuzzy set
  • Gaussian kernel
  • Rough set
  • Uncertainty measure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software
  • Theoretical Computer Science
  • Artificial Intelligence
  • Applied Mathematics

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