Gassing in Li4Ti5O12-based batteries and its remedy

Yan Bing He, Baohua Li, Ming Liu, Chen Zhang, Wei Lv, Cheng Yang, Jia Li, Hongda Du, Biao Zhang, Quan Hong Yang, Jang Kyo Kim, Feiyu Kang

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

294 Citations (Scopus)


Destructive gas generation with associated swelling has been a major challenge to the large-scale application of lithium ion batteries (LIBs) made from Li4Ti5O12(LTO) anodes. Here we report root causes of the gassing behavior, and suggest remedy to suppress it. The generated gases mainly contain H 2, CO 2 and CO, which originate from interfacial reactions between LTO and surrounding alkyl carbonate solvents. The reactions occur at the very thin outermost surface of LTO (111) plane, which result in transformation from (111) to (222) plane and formation of (101) plane of anatase TiO2. A nanoscale carbon coating along with a stable solid electrolyte interface (SEI) film around LTO is seen most effective as a barrier layer in suppressing the interfacial reaction and resulting gassing from the LTO surface. Such an ability to tune the interface nanostructure of electrodes has practical implications in the design of next-generation high power LIBs.
Original languageEnglish
Article number913
JournalScientific Reports
Publication statusPublished - 14 Dec 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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