Gap velocity measurements of a blood pump model

L.P. Chua, K.S. Ong, Ching Man Yu, W.K. Chan, Y.W. Wong

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


This paper presents the velocity measurements in the gap between the impeller and the pump casing of a 5:1 enlarged centrifugal blood pump model at operating condition. Both the radial and tangential velocity at the gap were measured. It was found that there was no cross flow in both the radial and tangential velocity distributions at the seven radial locations. This implies that the 0.2 mm gap in the prototype should be the optimal clearance of the pump. The vector plot of the resultant velocity showed that the double volute design of the pump, especially the splitter plate that started at ? = 180 degrees, has created a washout mechanism in the clearance gap; that is, a sector of flow ranging from ? = 100 degrees to ? = 190 degrees has directed strongly toward the eye while the rest of the flow in the gap is in a tangential direction. It is important that the blood should flow out of the gap through the eye instead of continuing to circulate in the clearance gap. This explains why the pump has minimum hemolysis and thrombus formation and is able to function with nominal efficiency as compared to other centrifugal pumps.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)682-694
Number of pages13
JournalArtificial Organs
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - 17 Sept 2002
Externally publishedYes


  • Centrifugal blood pump
  • Gap measurement
  • Hemolysis
  • Thrombus formation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Bioengineering
  • Biomaterials
  • Biomedical Engineering


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