Fundamental behaviour of recycled aggregate concrete-overview I: Strength and deformation

Jianzhuang Xiao, Chi Sun Poon, Yuyin Wang, Yuxi Zhao, Tao Ding, Yue Geng, Taohua Ye, Long Li

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

20 Citations (Scopus)


Recycled aggregate concrete (RAC) has received huge amounts of attention in the past two decades. However, there are still many critical problems about fundamental behaviours of RAC, which need to be figured out and which otherwise limit its further sustainable popularisation. Therefore, this series of two overviews rethinks fundamental behaviours of RAC based on the latest literature. In this overview (part I), the strength development and its mechanism, as well as failure patterns of RAC under static and dynamic loading, are explored. Then, the influencing factors and prediction models of elastic modulus, shrinkage and creep of RAC are intensively discussed. It is found that, compared with natural aggregate concrete, the 28 day compressive strength of RAC is lower, whereas the long-term compressive strength of RAC may be higher, which partly depends on the strength of the parent concrete. Furthermore, because the elastic modulus of RAC is often decreased, the drying shrinkage and creep of RAC are always increased. However, the autogenous shrinkage of RAC can be decreased, and also generally develops for above 60 days. Finally, some models have been summarised to better predict the elastic modulus and long-term deformation of RAC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)999-1010
Number of pages12
JournalMagazine of Concrete Research
Issue number19
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2022


  • Aggregates
  • Compressive strength
  • Shrinkage

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Building and Construction
  • General Materials Science


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