FTL2: A hybrid flash translation layer with logging for write reduction in flash memory

Tianzheng Wang, Duo Liu, Yi Wang, Zili Shao

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingConference article published in proceeding or bookAcademic researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)


NAND flash memory has been widely used to build embedded devices such as smartphones and solid state drives (SSD) because of its high performance, low power consumption, great shock resistance and small form factor. However, its lifetime and performance are greatly constrained by partial page updates, which will lead to early depletion of free pages and frequent garbage collections. On the one hand, partial page updates are prevalent as a large portion of I/O does not modify file contents drastically. On the other hand, general-purpose cache usually does not specifically consider and eliminate duplicated contents, despite its popularity. In this paper, we propose a hybrid approach called FTL2, which employs both logging and mapping techniques in flash translation layer (FTL), to tackle the endurance problem and performance degradation caused by partial page updates in flash memory. FTL2logs the latest contents in a high-speed temporary storage, called Content Cache to handle partial page updates. Experimental results show that FTL2can greatly reduce page writes and postpone garbage collections with a small overhead.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationLCTES 2013 - Proceedings of the 2013 ACM SIGPLAN/SIGBED Conference on Languages, Compilers and Tools for Embedded Systems
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 23 Dec 2013
Event14th ACM SIGPLAN/SIGBED Conference on Languages, Compilers, Tools and Theory for Embedded Systems, LCTES 2013 - Seattle, WA, United States
Duration: 20 Jun 201321 Jun 2013


Conference14th ACM SIGPLAN/SIGBED Conference on Languages, Compilers, Tools and Theory for Embedded Systems, LCTES 2013
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySeattle, WA


  • Caching
  • Endurance
  • Flash memory
  • Flash translation layer
  • Logging
  • Partial page update
  • Solid state drives

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Software

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