Frequency Studies of English Consonants

William Shi Yuan Wang, John Crawford

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

12 Citations (Scopus)


In this study an explanation was sought for the disagreement among the various frequency counts which have been made of English consonants. The data for a set of ten different frequency counts were converted to IPA symbols and compared by means of the coefficient of linear correlation. It was found that the relative frequency of consonants in English is not seriously affected by the style of literary content or by the dialect of the sample and that a relatively small sample yields typical values. Differences in the general type of corpus (dictionary or running texts) and in transcription, however, cause significant discrepancies among the various studies. It is concluded that higher order frequency data are probably more relevant to mechanical speech recognition than the first order data considered in this paper.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)131-139
Number of pages9
JournalLanguage and Speech
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1960
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Language and Linguistics
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Linguistics and Language
  • Speech and Hearing


Dive into the research topics of 'Frequency Studies of English Consonants'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this