Frequency Stability Constrained Microgrid Scheduling Considering Seamless Islanding

Masoud Javadi, Yuzhong Gong, C. Y. Chung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

30 Citations (Scopus)


The frequency stability of microgrids is of paramount importance due to their low inertia and high share of renewable energy sources. In this paper, a frequency stability-constrained microgrid scheduling (FSC-MS) model is developed based on a time-dependent discretized frequency response model considering seamless unintentional islanding events. The optimal dispatch of controllable units, as well as optimal upward and downward primary reserves, are determined with a minimum operating cost while ensuring frequency stability criteria are maintained in their safe ranges following an unintentional islanding event, such as rate of change of frequency (RoCoF) and frequency nadir and overshoot. The limitation of generators with respect to primary frequency response is formulated in the form of primary reserve capacity and primary ramp rate limits. A cost-based model is presented to describe the available primary reserve of synchronous generators. The proposed FSC-MS model is formulated as a mixed-integer linear programming (MILP) problem using Benders decomposition. Simulation results on a medium voltage microgrid test system demonstrate the effectiveness of the proposed model to meet the frequency stability constraints while minimizing the total operating cost.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)306-316
Number of pages11
JournalIEEE Transactions on Power Systems
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2022
Externally publishedYes


  • Benders decomposition
  • Frequency stability
  • Microgrid scheduling
  • Primary frequency control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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