Framework of Digital Renaissance with human-in-the-loop

Christopher H.T. Lee, C. C. Chan, Yaojie He, Chenhao Zhao, Huanzhi Wang, George You Zhou

Research output: Chapter in book / Conference proceedingChapter in an edited book (as author)Academic researchpeer-review


The data communication between the physical entities and virtual entities creating an innovative method for industry for organizing the product lifecycle. On top of that, the humanistic knowledge and information from the customer side should be brought in, which plays a crucial role in the intelligent industry and smart society. Hence, the data, information, and knowledge interactions among the social world, physical world, and cyber world should be modeled within a dynamic system. With the human-physical-cyber system, the intelligence cognition is achieved with the ability to perform prediction, synchronization, and optimization in the digital ecology. This chapter provides the detailed elements and structure of the human-physical-cyber system, as well as the evolution, milestones, and challenges in building the human-physical-cyber system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationIntegration of Energy, Information, Transportation and Humanity
Subtitle of host publicationRenaissance from Digitization
Number of pages33
ISBN (Electronic)9780323955218
ISBN (Print)9780323955225
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2023
Externally publishedYes


  • Cognitive Twin
  • Digital Twin
  • human intelligence
  • human-cyber-physical system
  • Hybrid Twin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Psychology


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