Frailty and its association with the Mediterranean diet, life-space, and social participation in community-dwelling older people

Rick Y.C. Kwan, Daphne S.K. Cheung, Shirley K.L. Lo, Lily Y.W. Ho, Carina Katigbak, Ying Yu Chao, Justina Y.W. Liu

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Frailty is a common and vulnerable state in older people, which leads to a higher risk of adverse health outcomes. This cross-sectional study examined the association between frailty and its phenotypic components with the Mediterranean diet, life-space, and social participation in community-dwelling older people. 263 community-dwelling older people recruited from three community centers in Hong Kong completed the study (robust = 85, pre-frail = 120, frail = 58). The results showed that the Mediterranean diet (OR = 0.29), life-space (OR = 0.32), and social participation (OR = 0.31) were associated with frailty. All factors were preferentially associated with slowness. The Mediterranean diet and social participation were additionally associated with weakness and low activity, respectively. To reduce the risk of frailty among diverse populations of older people in community settings, eliminating foods considered detrimental in the Mediterranean diet is advocated. Older people's satisfaction with social participation should be taken into consideration. Environmental designs should accommodate slow-walking older people to maximize their life-space

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)320-326
Number of pages7
JournalGeriatric Nursing
Volume40
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2019

Keywords

  • Frailty
  • Life-space
  • Mediterranean diet
  • Older people
  • Social participation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology

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