Fragile watermarking scheme for image authentication

Hongtao Lu, Ruiming Shen, Fu Lai Korris Chung

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

85 Citations (Scopus)


A simple fragile watermarking scheme for image authentication is proposed. The insertion of a binary watermark is accomplished by replacing the least significant bit of the host image with a random binary image obtained by random permutations and suitable XOR operations among bitplanes. The proposed scheme is secure, fast, and capable of detecting and localising modification, and is immune of the well-known quantisation attack.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)898-900
Number of pages3
JournalElectronics Letters
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 12 Jun 2003

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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