Fourteen-Year Outcome of Angle-Closure Prevention with Laser Iridotomy in the Zhongshan Angle-Closure Prevention Study: Extended Follow-up of a Randomized Controlled Trial

Yixiong Yuan, Wei Wang, Ruilin Xiong, Jian Zhang, Cong Li, Shaopeng Yang, David S. Friedman, Paul J. Foster, Mingguang He

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

7 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose: This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of laser peripheral iridotomy (LPI) prophylaxis for patients with primary angle-closure suspect (PACS) after 14 years and to identify risk factors for the conversion from PACS to primary angle closure (PAC). Design: Extended follow-up of the Zhongshan Angle-Closure Prevention Study. Participants: Eight hundred eighty-nine Chinese patients 50 to 70 years of age with bilateral PACS. Methods: Each patient received LPI in 1 randomly selected eye, with the fellow untreated eye serving as a control. Because the risk of glaucoma was low and acute angle closure (AAC) occurred only rarely, the follow-up was extended to 14 years despite substantial benefits of LPI reported after the 6-year visit. Main Outcome Measures: Incidence of PAC, a composite end point including peripheral anterior synechiae, intraocular pressure (IOP) of > 24 mmHg, or AAC. Results: During the 14 years, 390 LPI-treated eyes and 388 control eyes were lost to follow-up. A total of 33 LPI-treated eyes and 105 control eyes reached primary end points (P < 0.01). Within them, 1 LPI-treated eye and 5 control eyes progressed to AAC. Primary angle-closure glaucoma was found in 2 LPI-treated eyes and 4 control eyes. The hazard ratio for progression to PAC was 0.31 (95% confidence interval, 0.21–0.46) in LPI-treated eyes compared with control eyes. At the 14-year visit, LPI-treated eyes showed more severe nuclear cataract, higher IOP, and larger angle width and limbal anterior chamber depth (LACD) than control eyes. Higher IOP, shallower LACD, and greater central anterior chamber depth (CACD) were associated with an increased risk of end points developing in control eyes. In the treated group, eyes with higher IOP, shallower LACD, or less IOP elevation after the darkroom prone provocative test (DRPPT) were more likely to demonstrate PAC after LPI. Concluions: Despite a two-third decrease in PAC occurrence after LPI, the cumulative risk of progression was relatively low in the community-based PACS population over 14 years. Apart from IOP, IOP elevation after DRPPT, CACD, and LACD, more risk factors are needed to achieve precise prediction of PAC occurrence and to guide clinical practice. Financial Disclosure(s): The author(s) have no proprietary or commercial interest in any materials discussed in this article.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)786-794
Number of pages9
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2023


  • Extended follow-up
  • Laser peripheral iridotomy
  • Primary angle closure

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology


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