Fourier analysis for hydrostatic pressure sensing in a polarization- maintaining photonic crystal fiber

Paul Childs, Allan C.L. Wong, H. Y. Fu, Yanbiao Liao, Hwa Yaw Tam, Chao Lu, Ping Kong Alexander Wai

Research output: Journal article publicationJournal articleAcademic researchpeer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We measured the hydrostatic pressure dependence of the birefringence and birefringent dispersion of a Sagnac interferometric sensor incorporating a length of highly birefringent photonic crystal fiber using Fourier analysis. Sensitivity of both the phase and chirp spectra to hydrostatic pressure is demonstrated. Using this analysis, phase-based measurements showed a good linearity with an effective sensitivity of 9:45 nm=MPa and an accuracy of ±7:8 kPa using wavelength-encoded data and an effective sensitivity of -55:7 cm-1=MPa and an accuracy of ±4:4 kPa using wavenumber-encoded data. Chirp-based measurements, though nonlinear in response, showed an improvement in accuracy at certain pressure ranges with an accuracy of ±5:5 kPa for the full range of measured pressures using wavelength-encoded data and dropping to within ±2:5 kPa in the range of 0.17 to 0:4 MPa using wavenumber-encoded data. Improvements of the accuracy demonstrated the usefulness of implementing chirp-based analysis for sensing purposes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6861-6867
Number of pages7
JournalApplied Optics
Volume49
Issue number36
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 20 Dec 2010

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics

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